Tag Archives: Innovation

The Indie Developer Seizure: From 2013 to 1997 With Love (and Reciprocity)

While creating wiki templates for my upcoming RPG, I used sample information from my character Celty. I could stop there and ask a question I’ve thought about idly: I spotlight my characters like Final Fantasy VI or Tales of Vesperia spotlighted theirs, where each of them has shining moments and a fan could make a dozen compelling cases for who the “true” hero is, so why is Celty my “default” character—my template? Is she my favorite? No. Is she my strongest hero? No, although she’s up there. Is it because she’s playable for a longer time than any other character? We’re getting warmer, but then why is she the first playable character—the Terra or Yuri Lowell to others’ Celes and Estelle Sidos Heurassein and Rita Mordio?

I found that my answer lies in the heart of battle my history. (Sorry, Ryu!) Most of Celty’s modern profile was created within the past three years, but when I decided to add a Trivia section about her past, I set myself on the path to uncovering ancient secrets. At first I meant it only for simple asides: her gameplay abilities were designed with speedrunners and single character challenges in mind, she was originally imagined as a warrior mage and not a martial artist, and her name predates Celty Sturluson from Durarara!!.

On that last point I paused. Celty was one of my longest-surviving characters, going back at least to 2000 or 2001 when I first had the crazy notion that I could make an RPG one day—but could I find out how long she’d been with me? I dug into old documents. The truth I found shouldn’t shock you (hint: it’s up in the blog post title), but it shocked me: I’d created Celty as early as December 1997. I had made her a legendary NPC in the computer RPG creation tool Blades of Exile. She was not only “one of” my longest-surviving characters, but the third longest-surviving.

Celty is my “Bulbasaur”: a character who wasn’t my first creation but will always be #1 in the Pokédex.

If that was the end of the story, it wouldn’t be worth mentioning. The real end of the story is that I found epiphany and revelation and truth. I dug into my past to answer a single question and walked away with an answer to a second and infinitely more important one.

Click to read the rest of my descent into indie insanity.

Game Titles and Imaginary Words


Big video game publishers often make up words for their titles, but indie teams not so much.


Video Game Titles Made By Indies

Artizens, Avernum, Cryamore, La-Mulana, Odallus: The Dark Call, Phantasmaburbia, Satazius, Zenonia

Video Game Titles Made By Big Publishers

ActRaiser, Aldynes, Aleste, Alshark, Alundra, Arcus Odyssey, Arkanoid, Axelay, Barunba, Bubsy, Castlevania, Chack’n Pop, Coryoon, Crusader of Centy, Dimahoo, Disgaea, Drakkhen, Elysion, Etrian Odyssey, Faxanadu, Gaiares, Galaga, Golvellius: Valley of Doom, Gurumin, Journey to Silius, Klonoa, Langrisser, Lufia, Metroid, Neutopia, Nexzr, Parodius, Pikmin, Plok, Pokémon, Pokémon Trozei, Pulstar, Ristar, Robopon, Shantae, Shining Force: The Sword of Hajya, Soul Calibur, Star Parodier, Sylpheed, Sylvalion, Tactics Ogre: The Knight of Lodis, Tales of Eternia, Tales of Phantasia, Tales of Xillia, Terranigma, Tetris, The Legend of Zelda: Majora’s Mask, Toki Tori, Turrican, Tyrian, Valis, Xexyz, Yosumin, Yggdra Union, Ys, Zanac, Zupapa

Stuff I’m Not Counting Because Reasons

(but all of it would fall under the big publisher category, only strengthening the case)

Crystalis, Gemfire, Grandia, L-Dis, Popful Mail, Skyblazer, Tales of Eternia, Tales of Legendia, Tales of Symphonia, Tales of Vesperia*, Ufouria, Ultima, Windjammers, Xenoblade Chronicles

*Trivia: “Vesperia” looks more made up than “Eternia” or “Legendia,” but it was a candidate when naming Canada!


I only listed titles of games that I’ve heard of and usually played. If you can feed me more confirmation bias and/or counterevidence, post a comment! (It won’t show up immediately since I have to approve comments, so don’t panic when nothing appears.)

Gaming Innovation: Mythical. Gaming Diversity: Magical.

Ever since OUYA I’ve become something of a Kickstarter addict, backing 21 other projects. I believe that, no matter how much I give to others, it will all ultimately come back to benefit me too. Call it karma or call it reaping what you sow, but I’m interested in building a world where dreams come true. Who wouldn’t want to live in such a world?

This question is why I’m interested in Kickstarter-critical articles. Usually negative articles are written by people who think that Kickstarter is meant for investors or customers rather than people who support an idea, but a recent Rock Paper Shotgun post comments on the “peril” of Kickstarter nostalgia, saying that many Kickstarter mega-projects like Double Fine Adventure, Project Eternity, and especially Old-School Role-Playing Game are making crowdfunded fortunes with sales pitches about not innovating. I can think of several responses, but I’ll pick three.

1: Originality is understood by playing, seeing, or knowing about the game, not by explanations in the written or spoken word.

I’ve been taking notes of game sales pitches on sites like Kickstarter and Steam Greenlight. Below are just a few cases of game creators’ first one or two sentences of description; I could easily post twice as many.

I like all three of these games, but not because of their promotional writeups.

    8-Bit Night, a retro platform game with a unique twist.
    Abandon Quest is an unconventional open world tactical role-playing game set in the magical pop-up book of Corderia.
    Akaneiro: Demon Hunters is a unique free to play Action-RPG adventure presented within a vivid and expressive hand-painted world.
    Aril is a unique action packed multiplayer strategy game for pc & mac.
    Bean’s Quest is a gorgeous 2D platformer with a twist!
    GravBlocks is a “twist” on a classic puzzle game formula.
    A fast paced 2D sidescrolling runner with a unique hat based health system, [H]atland [A]dventures delivers a unique, fast and beautiful glance into the world of the truly extreme hat collector.
    Perplex Beats is a rhythmic puzzle game with a twist.
    Project Giana is a challenging fast-paced platformer with a twist. (Note: this was the tentative title for what’s now Giana Sisters: Twisted Dreams.)
    [Rhythm Destruction is a] unique action packed experience inspired by classic shooters and infused with addictive rhythm gameplay.

Wow. Who knew there was such staggering originality in the indie game and crowdfunded game scenes? …but that’s not truly what’s going on. These are the results of a powerful temptation to invoke the idea of innovation and all the warm fuzzies that come with it. It’s so strong that the Hatland Adventures creators called their game unique twice in the same sentence—but I’m in no place to knock anyone. I’ve fallen into the trap myself, mentioning innovation as a positive in and of itself even in a post that was explicitly about how innovation is immaterial compared to having your own vision. The problem: no one can credibly promote their own originality by calling attention to it. And no one needs to! Take that Rhythm Destruction line and remove one word:

    Rhythm Destruction is an action packed experience inspired by classic shooters and infused with addictive rhythm gameplay.

Space shooters meet rhythm games, huh? That’s pretty interesting. I daresay it sounds unique!—and there’s the rub. When you’re innovative, you don’t need to say so.

2: Real innovation is almost legendary.

Super Mario Galaxy is hailed as one of the most innovative games ever made; Super Mario Galaxy owes a lot to Raphael the Raven from Yoshi’s Island. Nintendo already had the idea of running and jumping around small spheres in space twelve years earlier; SMG simply fleshed it out to its ultimate conclusion in a full game. Mega Man 5 had gravity-flipping in 1992, long before indie darling (and one of my personal favorites) VVVVVV; Metal Storm had it a year earlier than even MM5. For that matter, M.C. Kids, a licensed NES game using McDonalds characters, had sections of walking on the ceiling. 2002’s Blinx had time manipulation before Braid, but so did 1990’s Catrap. Braid evolved the idea with elements like objects that are immune to rewinding time, but that’s just it—it was an evolution, not a revolution. The core idea had existed for almost twenty years.

It’s easy enough to give you something you’ve never seen before; it’s near impossible to give the game industry something it’s never seen before. If a developer claims to have a fully new idea, it’s likely that the developer simply doesn’t know about the games that have already done it, but nothing is wrong with that. On the contrary, that’s the way it should be; a game developer benefits from playing and learning from hundreds of games, but building an encyclopedic knowledge of gaming is best left to journalists and fans. I can’t begin to imagine the mental energy needed to study every known gameplay mechanic and invent something that’s never once been used. The amount of mental energy needed to sweat the similar stuff is so high that I’d be concerned the developer didn’t have any brain juice left for making a good game.

Game quality is denominated in fun and developers need to think and plan accordingly—not to ask themselves if a feature would be groundbreaking, if it’s never been done before, or even if it’s at least been rarely done before, but only if it would interest the player.

None of this is yet a counterpoint to the RPS article, though. People have no need to promote their own originality or strive for it, but that’s not the same as saying that they should make appeals based on their lack of originality—so let’s get cracking on why it’s perfectly great to do just that.

3: Innovation isn’t the spice of life.

I’ll list some dead horses that gamers beat with the “same old stuff” stick: Call of Duty, Madden, JRPGs, first-person shooters, anything with zombies, and bald space marines. In any decently-sized gaming community you can hear comments like “enough with the zombies” or “JRPGs are all the same thing” or “oh, look, another Call of Gun Warfare: Modern Duty clone.” They trumpet that the real creativity comes from indie developers—but what creativity are they talking about? Did Geometry Wars break new ground? Did Super Meat Boy?

Many people say “creativity” when they mean “variety.” It’s a counter-culture dissatisfied with the mainstream. The appeal of giving a JRPG’s main hero an axe isn’t that it’s innovative, but that it’s not a sword. The allure of a brutally-difficult game isn’t that it’s innovative, but that it’s not easy. The excitement of a new point-and-click adventure game isn’t that it’s innovative, but that it’s the one game of its genre in a thousand.

The industry has tilted toward open worlds and sandboxes where a player can do anything and everything in a virtual space, but players want developers on our real planet to do anything and everything as well, making games that cater to every taste. What good is an open world if people don’t sprawl in every direction?

At the time I type this, there’s a possibility that the Voyager 1 spacecraft has exited our solar system. This would be momentous, phenomenal, and everything good. At this point in human history, it’s literally one-of-a-kind.

A video game has no need to be Voyager 1. It’s enough to climb Mt. Kilimanjaro, although that’s been done before. It’s enough to dive 20,000 feet in a submarine; it’s enough to dive 10,000 feet in a submarine. Doing something rare is worth celebrating in and of itself.